Iman Sheikh/BBC

With Britain deciding to leave the EU, many citizens quickly became distraught over what this would mean for their residency. 

When asked about what will happen to the residence rights of citizens currently granted a “Right of Permanent Residence” within the EU, UK’s Prime Minister, Theresa May replied, “We have come to an agreement with the EU that there will be a reciprocal agreement in the way that people that are currently working and have steady jobs will be asked to apply for a permanent status card. They will be fast-tracked on that, and the people who want to apply for this will be welcomed to, in the future.” 

When asked the same question, later on, Chief Negotiator of the Article 50 Task Force, appointed by the European Commission Michel Barnier replied, “Permanent residents already in the UK will be granted citizenship in the UK and EU if they would like for a period of 2 years until it is renegotiated.”

Chief Negotiator Michel Barnier, Didier Seeuws (Head of the GSC Special Task Force in the UK, appointed by the European Council), and Greg Clark (Secretary of State for International Development) collaborated to create Resolution 2.1 which authorizes the UK to limit the number of immigrants entering the UK for a term of 2 years. However, immigration will only be permitted by those who have work visas which will only be granted to those who show proof offered employment by a UK corporation. 

In response to this clause within Resolution 2.1, Mrs. May made the point of asking what would become of those who wish for or have educational visas. Mr. Barnier answered that they would look very friendly upon students such as university students who have or wish for educational visas. 

As Mr. Clark put it, the necessity of a work visa for residency is because, “Under the terms, we only take immigrants that have jobs and will be able to support themselves as the UK is not in the position to financially support these immigrants.”

Prime Minister Theresa May, Alun Cairns (Secretary of State for Wales), James Brokenshire (Secretary of State for Northern Ireland) and Donald Tusk (President of the European Council) also collectively formed resolution 2.4 which emphasizes the fact that any EU citizens working within the UK can remain to do (by being given a permanent residency) if they are guaranteed a permanent or long term career by any known corporation which follows workplace regulations set out by the UK and EU separately.

This will work under the set agreements that, “The process to gain permanent residence status will be accelerated for EU citizens within the UK and this will be upheld if the EU provides same. Visas for education and extended stay will be granted on a more lenient basis rather than work visas. Authorizes the UK to limit the number of immigrants to be accepted into the UK for a term of five years. At the expiry of these terms, a new greater number will be negotiated; 100,000 immigrants from the EU will be accepted within the first 2 years, and slowly increased over the period of five years to a minimum of 230,000 with a cap of 300,000 immigrants.” 

Both Resolution 2.1 and 2.4 follow the basis of the need for work visas for an accelerated permanent residency and limiting the number of immigrants for 2 years, or more. Due to these common resolutions with minor differences, both resolution members were able to compromise and merge resolutions. 

This gives us Resolution 3.1, which highlights important attributes of both of the previous resolutions, and was able to put to rest the dispute between the EU and UK about the topic at hand of immigration.