Lauren MacDonald/ Haaretz
In the autumn of 1919, a treaty for the creation safe haven for the Jewish population was passed, by vote, which was created following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire. This declaration comes two years following the Balfour Declaration, issued by Britain, which in part called for the “establishment in Palestine of a nation for Jewish people.” This new territory, a legally Jewish state, is called Israel.
Though a turbulent dispute resulted, primarily between Arab and Zionist leaders, a peaceful agreement was reached, late afternoon on Saturday.
Saionji Kimmochi, the Japanese delegate notes that they were “all for the creation of Israel,” and echoes the sentiment that “[he] believe the Jews should have a homeland.” This statement is, to the joy of the Jewish public, and was supported by France, who when asked on their views regarding the creation of Israel, simply responded “I signed a treaty approving it.”
In fact, the Arab delegation leader, Emir Faisal, was also content with the results of the conference itself, telling Haaretz that:
“It allows for the Arab people to remain in the country, as citizens, and no Arab people can be displaced, as part of the constitution of the government.”
Mr. Chiam Weizmann, from the Zionist Organization was also willing to issue a statement on the current state of affairs:
“The creation of Israel has been something long awaited by all Zionists. It is the Promise Land and [we] hope to establish strong ties with other countries.”
It appears that Zionists are pleased with their sovereignty as well as ability to make decisions primarily for their own needs (a situation that many did not have the luxury of in previous countries they may have lived in).
It is apparent that collaborative, diplomatic means is, in fact, the solution and has allowed for respectful relations between the historically unagreeable parties.
In addition, the population will be governed by a democratic system, to ensure representation of those living in Israel. There is to be a set quota of for government representation of 55% Jewish and 45% Palestinian citizens; this quota hopes to facilitate less class division and disparity in the government.
Only one question lies: Should a democratically elected government be given an unequal advantage over Palestinians, even if minor?
Both Jews and Palestinians have faced adversity; the Jews faced displacement after World War One, and the Palestinians after enduring a foreign and unknown nation to act for the rights of the Palestinian population.